Tunnel Farming

The production of vegetables in the country is currently limited to certain time periods during the year due to seasonal variations. However, due to the invention of modern agriculture production and storage techniques, there is an opportunity for growing a variety of vegetables in off-season as well. In this regard, two options can be considered: 1st is to store vegetables under an artificially created environment while the 2nd best option would be to grow them off-season by tunnel farming. Tunnel farming involves constructing green houses-hut-like structures swathed in plastic that serve as cocoons for growing tomatoes, lettuce, peppers, carrots and cucumbers of other fruits and vegetables. The main objective of tunnel farming is to shield the crops from the elements and trap the heat of the sun, extending the growing season and increasing production. The tunnels provide a micro climate around the crops that essentially fools them into thinking it is a different season than it really is. Tunnel farming is not an old concept and it is also becoming popular in Pakistan and large number of tunnels are being seen in KPK. They protect plants from extreme cold,     wind, and rain, which can keep soil wet for days and keep farmers from cultivating it and they exclude or reduce pests and diseases. The main benefit is that the tunnels increase the temperature when days lengthen as winter turns to spring, accelerating plant’s growth and enabling them to mature weeks before their counter parts outdoors. They also can keep the temperature up in the fall, extending the growing season and the plant’s production for weeks after outside plants have stopped producing. The main focus of Malakand Model Farms is on tunnel farming.

Tunnel Farming of Melon

Tunnel Farming of Karela

Tunnel Farming of Cucumber

Tunnel Farming of Tomato